Clarinet: Characteristics, price, and history of orchestral instruments Types of wind instruments


The clarinet is known as a large number of people in charge of brass band. It has a wide range and can be used for various genres of music. The prototype of the clarinet is said to be a vertical whistle like a recorder. This instrument is an instrument that always appears in an orchestra. It is said to have been invented in the early 18th century by Nuremberg instrument maker Johann Christoph Denner. The clarinet used to be called a small treble trumpet.


This instrument was born in Nuremberg, Germany. Unlike trombones and saxophones, it is mainly used in the bass part of orchestras. Bass clarinet etc. are also sold by Yamaha, so even beginners can purchase them. It is a member of wind instruments such as tuba and oboe, and has the widest range and unique soft tone.

About the price

Prices start from several tens of thousands of yen. Some of the more expensive ones cost over 500,000 yen.

Development company

There are many clarinet manufacturers in the world today.

Company nameCountryfeature
YAMAHAJapanThe first YAMAHA brand clarinet was born in 1967
SELMERFranceFounded in 1885 by clarinetist Henry Selmer.
PatricolaItalyIn order to maintain the highest quality at all times, all processes of parts manufacturing and wood processing are done by hand in-house.
Buffet CramponFranceA brand that is loved by all genres, from classical to jazz.

History of clarinet

The prototype of the clarinet was a vertical flute like a recorder, a folk instrument made of reeds called “Chalumeau”, which produced sound using the same single reed as the clarinet. It was in Germany that the instruments that became the basis of the current clarinet were made by attaching keys to the “Chalumeau” that had no keys, increasing the number of keys, improving the narrow range, and making musical instruments such as recorders and flutes. It was Denner. With the Chalumeau key provided by Denner, the range has expanded and it has become possible to produce considerably high frequencies. This became the clarinet. The name “clarinet” comes from the fact that the tone was similar to the small high-pitched trumpet “Clarino” that existed at that time. It’s an interesting process because the tones of modern clarinets and trumpets are not quite similar. In the early 19th century, German Muller invented a “Muller-style” clarinet with 13 keys. This “Muller style” later evolved into an “Oehler style” clarinet. It is still used around Germany and is a clarinet with a warm, slightly dark and lustrous tone.

France shows a different development from Germany. In 1843, the clarinet player and conservatory teacher, Cloze, and the clarinetist “Crampon” buffet, which everyone knows, were created. He developed the flute “Boehm” clarinet. Adolphe Sax and Albert have improved parts such as the mouthpiece with a bright and gorgeous tone and the comfort of fingering, and the clarinet as it is now is completed. It is used habitually because it has the advantages of being easy to use with fingers and having a relatively easy pitch.

Types of clarinet

E ♭ Clarinet

Mini size that is 4 degrees higher than B ♭ clarinet.


The most standard clarinet. It is used in all genres such as orchestra, brass band, jazz, and pop music.

A Clarinet

A deeper tone that is 2 degrees lower than B ♭ is attractive

E ♭ Alto Clarinet

It is often used in brass band and chamber music.

F basset horn

Frequently used in religious music.

B ♭ Bass Clarinet

It is a solemn and profound tone.

E ♭ Contra Alto Clarinet

It often appears in music such as military bands and chamber music.

B ♭ Contrabass Clarinet

It has a range two octaves lower than the B ♭ tube clarinet.


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