Trumpet: Characteristics, price, and history of orchestral instruments


For reference, what do you think about the characteristics of the trumpet? I will explain. It is a star instrument in an orchestra. It has a wide range and is useful for jazz. The trumpet is known as a musical instrument with a very long history, boasting a history of 3,000 years. Artifacts excavated from Egypt about 3,000 years ago include a trumpet-like instrument made of bronze and silver, and it is known that military trumpets made of metal were already in existence during the Egyptian dynasty. Trumpets are used for different purposes, so many types have been developed.


This instrument was born in Europe.

About the price

According to information, trumpets range from around 50,000 yen to around 1 million yen. Although it is a little expensive, there are many manufacturers of trombones, bells, saxophones, clarinets, flugelhorns, flutes, and cornets, as listed below. A high level of skill is required of the person in charge of performing. The octaves and pitches of the parts are very wide. Comparatively, the piccolo trumpet can produce a soft and brilliant sound in songs. By letting it vibrate naturally, it produces a beautiful tone. A gorgeous fanfare etc. can be played.

Development company

There are many trumpet manufacturers in the world today.

Company nameCountryfeature
YAMAHAJapanYamaha trumpet, a comprehensive manufacturer of musical instruments, is familiar to many people.
BachUnited StatesIt is an American brass instrument maker and is used by many players.
B&SGermanyA brass instrument manufacturer with a manufacturing base in Markneukirchen.
SchilkeUnited StatesThe design and production with attention to detail continue to attract many players even now.
KühnGermanyThis workshop mainly produces rotary trumpets and horns.
WillenbergGermanyA workshop that produces rotary trumpets in Markneukirchen, the city of German musical instruments.

History of trumpet

The trumpet has a long history, dating back to BC. In the Egyptian dynasty, there was already a metal military trumpet, found in Egyptian artifacts 3,000 years ago, made of gold, silver, bronze, earthenware, shellfish, ivory, wood, bark, bamboo, etc. There were various shapes and lengths such as gourd. Early trumpets did not have sound holes or valve mechanisms, so the only sounds that could be produced were overtones. Musical instruments, the ancestors of the trumpet, first appeared in the Greek-Roman period. Called salpinx in Greece and tuba or lituus in Rome, he was already over 1m in length, the tube was made by splicing horns and metal, and the mouthpiece was cup-shaped. Cornett was made in various parts of Europe around the 10th century. In the 12th century, it became possible to connect tubes, and tuba and ritus were influenced by Arabia through Byzantine, and very long musical instruments were made, and the tube shape became closer to a cylinder. This cylindrical trumpet in the early Middle Ages was called claro or buisine.

In the 16th century, an instrument called Tromba da Tirarsi was created. It was used in German churches until the latter half of the 18th century, and the trumpet orchestra of the court was divided into each range and musically ensembled. In the early 19th century, German Brumel invented Kasten Ventil. This instrument was made up of two valves, the first valve could be lowered by one note and the second valve could be lowered by a semitone. In 1827, the Frenchman Labayer invented the piston, and in Vienna, Woolman invented Wiener Ventil. In 1839, in Paris, Perine invented a three-piston trumpet that was almost the same as the current one, and became the source of the current trumpet.

Features of the trumpet

The trumpet is a cylindrical tube made of metal called brass, and three short tubes of different lengths are attached in the middle of the main tube, and three valves can be used to switch between the main tube and the trumpet. You can do it. Operate this valve with your right finger to play. The tube that is pressed with the index finger is called the first tube, the tube that is pressed with the middle finger is called the second tube, and the tube that is pressed with the ring finger is called the third tube. There are a total of 8 combinations of 3 Valves. Since the length of the 3rd pipe is almost the same as the total length of the 1st pipe and the 2nd pipe, it can be said that there are actually 7 kinds of combinations. There are two types of Valve style, “piston type” and “rotary type”, but nowadays, piston type (vertical type) trumpet is generally used. There are various types of trumpets such as B ♭ tube, C tube, D tube, E ♭ tube, F tube, and G tube, but B ♭ tube and C tube instruments are the most commonly used.

Trumpet type

Bb tube trumpet

The most common trumpet used in brass band and jazz.

C tube trumpet

It is a trumpet often used in orchestras.


It is a trumpet that is often used in marching because it is a little small.

Piccolo trumpet

Perfect for playing baroque music. It is also used as an accent in ensembles.


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