Launeddas: characteristics, price, and history of the ethnic musical instrument

Instrument

Launedas is a traditional musical instrument that originated in Sardinia, Italy. Also known as the Sardinian triple clarinet, it is a typical Sardinian woodwind instrument made of three pipes. The origin of Launedas is said to date back to ancient times, and it is said that it may be in the leadpipe of Egypt. Since the latter half of the 20th century, this instrument has been used not only in traditional music but also in other genres. This instrument has been recognized worldwide.

Location

This instrument was born in Italy.

About the price

The price ranges from a few thousand yen to several tens of thousands of yen.

History of Launedas

The origin of Launedas is said to be ancient. A long time ago, in 2700 BC, Egyptian leadpipes were originally called “Memet”, but there is a theory that this is the origin. Memet is very similar to Launedas in Sardinia. Memet is painted on the wall of an ancient Egyptian tomb. The shape of the Launedas instrument is clearly the ancient instrument itself, and it seems that the shape has not changed significantly and it has reached the present. Later, the instrument spread to Europe and became popular on the island of Sardinia in Italy. The Launedas was originally a musical instrument that was often used in religious events and ceremonies, but in the 20th century, it began to be used in areas other than traditional music. The 1930s Efisio Melis, Antonio Lara brought this instrument to the forefront of Europe. In 1990, it was also used by American jazz saxophonist David Liebman, and in 1996 by British free jazz saxophonist Evan Parker.

Features of Launedas

The Launedas is a typical Sardinian woodwind instrument made of three pipes. This instrument requires a special technique called circular breathing. The player must inhale through the nose while exhaling through the mouth. It is an instrument that allows the air flow in the device to continue and makes continuous sounds. It is a very difficult instrument until the breathing technique is improved, and it is one of the instruments that requires a certain amount of learning time. Launedas is made by connecting three thin cane pipes of different lengths with wax. A thin bamboo wand grows to the south of Sardinia. The mouthpiece is also made of wax. It is a very rare instrument, and it is said that there are only about 1000 players in this instrument all over the world.

Launedas song

Launedas is mainly used in traditional European music.

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