Harmonica: Characteristics, price, and history of the aerophonic instrument


This time we will explain the types of harmonica sounds and their characteristics, how to choose one, etc. It was created in Berlin in the 1800s using organ tuning tools. The harmonica later spread to various regions and is an instrument that has come to be used in various genres such as pop and folk music. It has come to be used as a teaching instrument for music in kindergartens and nursery schools, and now it has become more popular and its recognition has increased greatly. There are many different types of harmonicas, and many ways to play them.


This instrument was created in Germany. Beginners may have a hard time since there are differences in the types and mechanisms sold. There are ways to play chords and double notes. Basically, the same instruments are used in everything from classical to major pop music. It covers the octave of the key and is wide, so depending on the product, it can easily correspond to the song. It’s easy to buy, and the main unit has good resonance.

About the price

Information on the release price ranges from several thousand yen to tens of thousands of yen. Accessories are also available and often provided with information.

Harmonica history

There are several theories about the origin of the harmonica, but the most influential one is the organ tuning tool made around 1820. Created in 1821 in Berlin, Germany by the son of an organ builder, Christian Friedrich Ludwig Bushmann. A whistle with an iron reed for tuning an organ called “AURA” is said to be the prototype of the harmonica. Bushman is also known as the inventor of the accordion. Early harmonica had a simple structure. However, it was Christian Mesnell who completed the prototype of the modern harmonica. He is said to be the first year of harmonica since he started production in 1827. The oldest existing harmonica manufacturer in the world is Seydon Zone, a manufacturer specializing in harmonica founded in Krigenthal, a town in the eastern part of Germany near the Czech border. Matthias Hohner then founded Hohner and began manufacturing harmonica. Hohner exported harmonica to the United States and expanded overseas. Against this background, Hohner has become a global harmonica manufacturer. Hohner developed a model called the Bruce Harp and made a name for it. Herring’s harmonica, founded by German immigrants in 1923, was also well received. However, Herring was absorbed by Hohner after the death of its founder, Alfred Herring. Then, in 1996, Alberto Bertrazzi and others acquired Herring and grew it into a harmonica specialist manufacturer.

Harmonica features

Harmonica is a free-reed instrument that can be heard by breathing or inhaling after holding it in your mouth. The compact size that fits in both hands makes it easy to play, and it is also easy to carry. The harmonica can be used as an accompaniment and a reed instrument, so it is very easy to use. Harmonicas are cheaper than other instruments, so it’s very easy to buy. The harmonica is a compact yet powerful instrument with a strong presence. It is very easy to control and handle because you can freely express the strength and weakness of the sound and the expression of the sound with your mouth. It goes well with guitar sounds, so it goes well with pop bands. Today’s harmonica is used in a variety of music regardless of genre, and it can be said that it is a very well-known instrument. The harmonica is also an educational instrument for schools and nurseries. It is an instrument that is recognized by children for that reason.

Harmonica type

Beginners are recommended to understand the types, levers, mechanisms, and differences before purchasing. It’s a keyboard harmonica, and when you play it through the holes, it’s arranged in an array, so you may have a lot of trouble figuring out how to play and produce notes such as semitones, tremolo, slides, and double notes. There are chromatic harmonicas and diatonic harmonicas. Often used in rock, blues and pop songs. You will need some practice at first. Try to be able to play chords at the same time. It is popular in elementary schools.

Diatonic harmonica

The diatonic harmonica is a general type in which the air outlets are lined up in a straight line.

Chromatic harmonica

Chromatic harmonica can produce derivative sounds. Since it can play chromatic scales, it is attractive to be able to handle all scales.


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