Charmera: Types, prices, and history of ethnic musical instruments Chinese audio equipment


The audio equipment Charmela is a traditional Chinese professional music instrument that is suitable for beginners and can be played by both adults and children. It is a double reed horn that originated in ancient Iran and was called “Surna” at that time. It is a musical instrument that has been used for festivals and military purposes for a long time, and is very familiar to the Chinese people. It was also an essential instrument for ritual music in Taiwan. Charmela was transmitted to China from Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is an instrument that appears so often in the world of Chinese traditional music.


This instrument was born in China. In Japan and China, it is used as a reed instrument. It is known as the flute of wind instruments. The point is that depending on the situation, it can also be used as a whistle for the same service, such as at a ramen stall, and it has a deep connection with daily life. A specialized instrument or tool that produces high-pitched sounds.

About the price

The price ranges from a few thousand yen to several tens of thousands of yen.

History of Suona

Charmera is a double reed instrument that was propagated from Eastern Europe and West Asia to China. It first appeared in the late Han dynasty. The term charmera is derived from the Arabic name of the instrument, Zurna. It is depicted in paintings made in the 3rd and 5th centuries at the Buddhist cave temple of Kisir. The sound of Suona, which is ideal for processions and the army, has also been adopted by military bands and is also used in ancient and medieval China. Although not mentioned in Chinese literature until the Ming dynasty, by this time Suona had already been established in northern China. Suona has also spread overseas. It was introduced to the Cubans of Havana and used as a traditional musical instrument. Known locally as Corneta China, it has been one of the leading instruments of Santiago de Cuba’s conga carnival music since 1915. In Havana, it is known as “Trompeta China”. In the United States, jazz saxophonist Dewey Redman often played Suona in performances, which he called the “Musette.” British bassist and saxophonist Mick Karn used the instrument as Dida.

Features of Suona

Suona is a double reed woodwind instrument. The mouthpiece is connected to a wooden pipe shaft with holes and flared copper ends. The notes are played with fingering, and the player uses his mouth to control the volume, pitch, and timbre of the Suona. Skillfully played Suona produces a distinct, bright sound that sometimes resembles a bird’s bark. Charmera had a conical wooden body similar to the garling horn used by the Tibetan people. Since the mid-20th century, a “modernized” version of Suona has been developed in China. Allows chromatic scale performance and equal temperament tuning. Used in the woodwind section of modern large Chinese traditional instrument orchestras in China, Taiwan and Singapore. It is also used in modern music arrangements and often appears in pop songs.

Suona song

Suona is often used mainly in traditional Chinese music.


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