Saxophone: Introducing the characteristics, price, and history of orchestral instruments What are the types of saxophones?


There are many types and characteristics of the saxophone, and it was invented by Belgian Adolphe Sax in 1840. Some people have the impression that the saxophone is the star instrument of jazz, but the saxophone is not just an instrument for jazz. It is originally an instrument used in classical music. It is also a field where new works continue to be created every day, and this instrument is now used in all genres and is recognized all over the world.


This instrument was created in Europe. Learn things like musical scales from instructional books, and train your lung capacity. Saxophone instruments include the sopranino saxophone, alto, and tenor, and big bands are also making an appearance. It has an attractive tone, has a long history, and is reasonably priced, so it is a great instrument to introduce to beginners.

About the price

Prices range from 100,000 yen to 1 million yen. There are many types, and some are larger. The octave is very wide, and the person in charge plays by emitting sounds from the pipes from low to high. Even beginners can play an active role in various genres such as rock, pop, and jazz. If necessary, we can also perform in ensembles with instruments such as oboe, piccolo, trombone, bass, and wind instruments such as horns. In general, it is easy to grasp the pitch, so if you have the opportunity, even beginners should try it. It looks flashy, but if you can breathe through practice, you can gain experience.

Development company

There are many manufacturers in the world today.

Company nameCountryfeature
H.SelmerFranceSelmer is the world’s first mass-produced saxophone manufacturer to sell to the world.
YAMAHAJapanworld’s top share in high quality accuracy and overwhelming production volume.
CannonballUnited StatesRecommended for heavy sounds and mainly jazz and popular genres.
Julius KeilwerthGermanyThe lineup focuses on models for jazz players.
AntiguaUnited Statesmodels in a wide range of genres, from classical and brass band to jazz and popular.
ChateauTaiwanIt is characterized by high cost performance.

History of saxophone

The saxophone was developed by Belgian musical instrument maker Adolphe Sax around 1840. It was first introduced at the Belgian Expo as “Contrabass Clarinet Made of Metal”. The French military band at that time had a poor sound and a bad reputation, so in April 1845, a comparison was made between a traditional musical instrument band and a new saxophone musical band. The music troupe with new musical instruments received great cheers from an audience of about 20,000, and in September of the same year, it was decided to introduce these musical instruments into the military band. In June 1846, the saxophone was patented. Since then, saxophones have been adopted by military bands all over Europe, and quickly spread all over the world. It was gradually incorporated into orchestral songs. Famous songs include G. Bize’s “L’Arlésienne Suite”, M. Ravel’s “Bolero” and “Pictures at an Exhibition”. By the end of the 1800s, popularity in Europe began to decline. The saxophone has entered a period of stagnation, with saxophone classes not being held at the Conservatory of Music in Paris since 1870. The American region supported the popularity of the saxophone. It went to the United States and was used in jazz in the 1920s and was a big success. What is surprising is that the shape and key system of the saxophone, which was invented in the 1840s, is basically the same for the instruments of the time and today. It can be said that the design at the time of invention was so complete. In other words, the saxophone has reached the present with little improvement. Although it has a short history among woodwind instruments, it is an instrument used in most genres now, and it can be said that there are not many people who do not know it.

Features of the saxophone

The saxophone is made of metal and has a conical shape, and can be divided into three parts: body, neck, and mouthpiece. Attach the single reed to the mouthpiece in the same way as the clarinet. The lead is a little bigger than the clarinet. The pronunciation structure is the same as the clarinet, so anyone who can play the clarinet can make sounds. The saxophone player in the heyday of jazz learned the saxophone after studying the clarinet first. Although the saxophone body is made of metal, the structure is similar to that of a woodwind instrument. In the classification of musical instruments, the mechanism is prioritized over the material, so even if it is made of metal like the flute, it is treated as a woodwind instrument. There are four types of saxophone: soprano, alto, tenor, and baritone. Each has a different range. Quartets are also common in modern times. It can be said to be a representative of free musical instruments that combines the high kinetic performance of woodwind instruments and the wide dynamic range of brass instruments. The saxophone is mainly used in brass bands, ensembles, big bands, etc., and plays the role of supporting the band with abundant bass.

Types of saxophone

Saxophone Soprano 

Saxophone Alto

Saxophone Tenor 

Saxophone Bass 


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