Horn: Explanation of the characteristics, types, and prices of orchestral instruments (brass instruments, wind instruments)


We will explain the tone, characteristics, and charm of the horn as a wind and brass instrument. He is said to have been born in France around the 16th or 17th century. Nowadays, it is manufactured by many manufacturers around the world, and is called the star instrument in orchestras. The horn is shaped like a conch shell, making it a very distinctive and conspicuous musical instrument. Currently, the top manufacturers are companies in Japan, Germany, the United States, and Austria.


This instrument was born in France.

Development company

There are currently many horn manufacturers in the world. Here is a list. The range is a little higher than the tuba and other woodwind instruments. The sound it produces has a different charm from modern wind and woodwind instruments such as trumpets, trombones, flutes, and oboes. It can be used in conjunction with concerts and has a wide range of uses.

Company nameCountryfeature
YAMAHAJapanThe horn launched Yamaha’s first full double horn in 1968. Since then, improved products have been on the market.
ALEXANDERGermanyA manufacturer that was born in 1909 and continues to be loved by horn players around the world.
H.F.KnopfGermanyIt is a manufacturer that has continued since the 1800s when the Knoff family established a musical instrument workshop in Marc Neukürchen, Germany.
KuhnGermanyFounded in 1902, Rico Khun is a very popular manufacturer.
Hans HoyerGermanyA venerable brass instrument brand in the Vogtland region of Germany.
Wenzel MeinlGermanyBrand company manufactured by skilled craftsmen in Saxony, Germany
C.G.CONNUnited StatesIt is a brand that is synonymous with American horn.
HOLTONUnited StatesIt started in 1898 with a small musical instrument store. It has come to be used by many players.
JungwirthAustriaIt is a company that has a workshop in the suburbs of Vienna. A company that mainly produces old musical instruments.

About the price

The price of a horn varies from 500,000 yen to more than 2 million yen in Japanese yen. Mouthpieces can be purchased starting from a few thousand yen. In general, the more expensive the instrument, the more complex the structure, and it is capable of a wide variety of expressions, from soft sounds to long bass and majestic sounds. Even beginners can enjoy it naturally with stringed instruments, percussion, clarinet, saxophone, etc. if they acquire a wide range of knowledge.

History of the horn

Originally, it was a musical instrument called a horn that was hunting by blowing the horns of animals. It is said that animals listened to humans when they played with this instrument. Since it was a story in France around the 16th and 17th centuries, it is said that the origin of this instrument is France. For this reason, this instrument is often referred to as the French horn. This is the reason why the instrument has a strange shape, with a tube wrapped around it so that it can be blown while riding a horse. The bell is said to have turned backwards so as not to get in the way at that time.

In the 18th century, this instrument was used in orchestras. In the middle of the 18th century, the “Genschtop playing method” was developed, which changes the pitch by inserting a hand into the bell, and it became possible to play the chromatic scale. From around the end of the 18th century, development progressed so that all sounds could be played with open sounds, and in 1832, a single horn was developed. After that, development proceeded with double horns and triple horns that combined tubes of multiple lengths. The horn is now a flower-shaped instrument in orchestras. It is an instrument that often appears in movie and drama soundtracks.

Horn type

Did you know that there are many different types of horns? There are three main types, each of which has its own characteristics.

Single horn

A single horn is an instrument that allows you to play only one key with one instrument. The structure is relatively simple, and it is the oldest form of horn, and it can be said to be a primitive horn. The double horn and triple horn described below are derived from this single horn.

Double horn

The double horn is an improvement over the single horn that allows you to switch between two types of tonality with a single instrument. There are two types of double horns. There are “semi-double” and “full-double”, which are classified according to the difference in switching. “Semi-double” has a detour pipe, and “Full double” is switched by a valve.

Triple horn

The triple horn is an improved version of the above horn, which allows you to switch between three types of tonality with a single instrument. It is heavy and requires a certain amount of physical strength to play for a long time. Used in many orchestras.


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