Euphonium: Features, price, and history of orchestral instruments


Euphonium is the youngest brass instrument. The exact origin is unknown, but it is said to have been developed by Adolphe Sax. The euphonium tone is very similar to the trombone, but warmer than the trombone. Euphonium is a famous instrument mainly played in brass band, but it is also used in orchestras. It goes well with any instrument and may be used in ensemble.


This instrument was created in Europe. It is a new mouthpiece instrument along with wind instruments such as the oboe, clarinet, and trumpet. It is attractive because it is used by brass bands when practicing songs written on sheet music. It is sometimes used as accompaniment along with the piano. There are not many instructors for this part, and it is difficult for students to attend a class for the first time. It is often used in anime, games, etc.

About the price

Euphoniums can cost from tens of thousands of yen to hundreds of thousands of yen.

Euphonium history

The euphonium is the youngest brass instrument, and it is said that Adolphe Sax, a Belgian, invented this instrument together with the saxophone in 1843. The sommellophone developed by Ferdinand Sommer, the concertmaster of Weimar in Germany in the same year, is also considered to be the origin of this instrument. Prior to the 1843 Dzongmer’s Mellophone, Serpent, Basshorn, and Ophicleide played the role of brass bass. The year after the development of the sommellophone, Franz Bock and Ferdinand Hell of Vienna created an instrument called the Euphonion, which was an improved version of the sommellophone. This is a thick instrument close to the current euphonium, and it is a general theory that this is the beginning of the euphonium. It is said that the euphonium continued to improve in the 19th and 20th centuries, and took about 100 years to become the current euphonium.

Euphonium features

Euphonium comes from the Greek word “Euphonos” which means “sounds well”. For that reason, it is known as an instrument that sounds very well. The tone is warm and very soft, so you won’t feel any discomfort when playing with other instruments. The strength of euphonium is that it can express a wide range of tones, from sharp and intense sounds to rounded and soft sounds. Euphonium has thick and thin tubes. There is a difference between a thick tube and a thin tube. The thick tube can play the pitch of the low range stably. The thin tube has the advantage that the mouse pipe is thin and it is easy to make sound. If you are a beginner, we recommend using a thin tube. Euphonium is an instrument mainly used in brass band, and is often in charge of melody.

Euphonium type

Upright bell

It is a type that is held in front of the body, and the bell is facing upward.

Front bell

This type has a bell bent forward.

Double Bell Euphonium

A euphonium that combines the roles of two or more musical instruments into one.

Marching Euphonium

A euphonium with a front-facing bell used in marching and parades.


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