Tuba: Characteristics, history, and price of orchestral instruments

Instrument

The tuba is one of the musical instruments used in orchestras. Depending on the valve system, it is divided into a piston type and a rotary type, and the piston type has a top action type and a front action type. It has a long history of brass instruments. It is the largest and lowest brass instrument in the range. The instrument was invented by German military band leader Wilhelm Friedricht and instrument maker Johann Gottfried Herder.

Location

This instrument was created in Europe. It is not a bell, but a companion to other part-time instruments such as the clarinet, bassoon, euphonium, flute, and trumpet. The player uses a playing technique that makes use of the lowest bass tone overall. They can be active, but they are so large that it is difficult to support them. Bands may also need it.

About the price

Since it is a large brass instrument, the price is high. The cheapest ones are over 300,000 yen and some are around 1 million yen.

Development company

There are many tuba manufacturers in the world today.

Company nameCountryfeature
YAMAHAJapanIt is a famous Japanese manufacturer and is loved by many players.
AlexanderGermanyA long-established German manufacturer with a history of over 200 years.
WillsonSwitzerlandA manufacturer that can develop precision musical instruments.
B&SGermanyThe world’s largest musical instrument manufacturer.
BESSONUnited KingdomBritish traditional manufacturer
Meinl WestonGermanyA long-established German manufacturer with a history of over 200 years.

History of tuba

“Tuba” is a Latin word that originally meant “tube”, but in ancient Greek and Roman times it was also used as the name of a bronze wind instrument, and after that, it refers to “trumpet” in general. Was used as. In 1835, an instrument called the bass tuba, which is the origin of the current tuba, was born. This instrument was invented by German military band leader Wilhelm Friedricht and instrument maker Johann Gottfried Herder. The tuba was invented in the 19th century and was equipped with a valve device from the beginning.

Features of tuba

The basic structure of resonating the sound generated by the vibration of the lips with the tube and emitting it from the morning glory is the same as other brass instruments. The metal tube is a “conical tube” that gently spreads toward the morning glory, except for the detour tube and the insertion / removal part, and the part called the “mouse pipe” that connects the singing mouth is the middle height of the instrument. Can be attached to. It has a valve for changing the pitch, and there are piston type and rotary type. There are two types of piston-type musical instruments: the “upright type”, in which the valve stands upright when the instrument is held, and the “front action”, in which the valve is laid on its side and operated in front of the instrument. All instruments with rotary valves are front operated, and some have one or two additional rotary valves, even if the basic structure is a front operated piston type.

Tuba type

Tenor tuba

The tenor tuba is a relatively small tuba.

Bass tuba

These tuba are used in a wide range of applications from large ensemble to solo in orchestra and brass band.

Contrabass Tuba

Generally speaking, a tuba refers to this contrabass tuba.

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