Sarangi: characteristics, price, and history of the ethnic musical instrument

Instrument

Sarangi is the most well-known traditional bow instrument in and around India. It is a lute stringed instrument and is considered to be the closest to the human voice among Indian instruments. Sarangi is an instrument that produces sound by rubbing strings with a bow, and is mainly used in Indian traditional music. It is a musical instrument that is distributed in North India, Nepal, Pakistan, etc. and has undergone unique evolution in each region. Nowadays, it is a widely recognized musical instrument and is known all over the world.

Location

This instrument was born in India.

About the price

Prices range from around 20,000 yen to over 500,000 yen.

History of Sarangi

Sarangi has been used for a long time as a folk instrument of Indian origin and is a typical musical instrument. Since Sarangi is said to be able to produce more than 100 tones, the word Sarangi comes from two words: sau, which means 100, and rang, which means color. Sarangi is said to be an instrument that existed in the Middle Ages. It began to be incorporated into classical music from around the 17th century, and gradually became popular. Currently used as an accompaniment instrument for vocal music and also in traditional music, it is one of the widely known instruments in India.

Features of Sarangi

The Sarangi is about 60 cm long, is made by hollowing out a single tree, and is a round, rectangular instrument. The torso is made by hollowing out a tree and stretching the skin and intestines of animals. The bow that rubs the strings is made of horsehair. Sarangi makes a sound by rubbing the strings with a bow. Hold the strings with your fingers like a violin, but hold them with your fingernails. There is no particular limit to the number of Sarangi strings. Normally, about 40 strings are stretched, but the actual performance is 3 strings. The rest is used as a sympathetic string. Scratch the cross-legged, hold it vertically, and push the strings from the side with your nails to take the pitch. It is an instrument that allows you to change the tone by pressing it, and to express it delicately. Therefore, it can be said that the performer is an instrument that requires technical skills. It is an instrument mainly used as an accompaniment instrument for vocal music in India. Sarangi is an instrument used not only in India but also in Nepal. In Nepal, he plays his own folk music accompanied by Sarangi.

Sarangi song

Sarangi is a musical instrument widely used in Indian traditional music.

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