Flute: Characteristics, history, and price of orchestral instruments


We will explain the material, high tone, and characteristics of the flute. It is said to have originated from transverse flutes made in the Paleolithic period. Therefore, it is a musical instrument known for having a very long history. It is one of the woodwind instruments that almost always appears in orchestras. It is a very famous musical instrument and is known to people all over the world. The flute has undergone various improvements from the Renaissance period to the present day. It is said that the modern flute is an improved version from around the 19th century.


This instrument was created in Europe. It is a beautiful wind instrument along with the oboe, saxophone, and clarinet. It is popular and attractive even to beginners, and its designs feature German silver, platinum, gold, and silver colors. It has a wide variety of expressions and is active in various fields such as jazz and classical music. It is said that the first practice is difficult until you get a bright sound.

About the price

Even the cheapest flutes cost over 100,000 yen, and some cost as much as 1 million yen. The higher the price, the more widely a flutist can play once they have the basics. Even different genres such as piano and bossa nova can be varied with songs.

Development company

There are many flute manufacturers in the world today.

Company nameCountryfeature
YAMAHAJapanIt is a famous Japanese manufacturer and is loved by many players.
PEARLJapanPearl flute boasting a soft sound.
NAGAHARAUnited StatesA company established in Boston, USA by Mr. Kenichi Nagahara, who was once active as a producer of domestic flute makers in Japan.
BURKARTUnited StatesA flute and piccolo maker born in Boston, USA, by fusing high technology and handcraft technology.
BRANNENUnited StatesA top manufacturer in the flute world with a workshop in Boston.
POWELLUnited StatesA traditional manufacturer that has been around for over 80 years.

Flute history

Around the Paleolithic era, a transverse flute made of animal bones was used. It is no mistake to see this as an ancestor of the flute. Currently, it is not clear when and where the flute, a side-blowing flute, was first used, but one theory is that it originated in India around or before the era. It is believed that this was transmitted to China and then to Japan and Europe via the Silk Road. The prototype of the flute, which is active in modern orchestras, appeared and began to be widely used in the 16th century during the Renaissance. The flute of the Renaissance era had a very simple structure with only seven singing mouths and seven finger holes in one cylindrical body, and the semitones that could be produced were limited.
In the latter half of the 17th century, the shape of the main body became conical, and flutes with one key started to be made. German wind instrument maker Theobald Boehm unveiled a groundbreaking flute at the 1847 Paris Exposition. The flute had a metal tube and a lot of keys. Until then, flutes had unstable pitches and were difficult to produce, but these shortcomings have been dramatically improved with Bame’s new instruments. The current flute is a flute developed by Theobald Boehm.

Flute features

The flute has a soft, high and lovely tone. Unlike other woodwind instruments, the flute is pronounced by breathing into a part called the “lip plate” without using reeds. The lip plate was created to partially retain the thickness and thickness of the wooden flute tube, and was designed to prevent the Theobald Boehm, who made the first metal flute, from becoming difficult to blow. The flute is not a wooden instrument, but it is classified as a woodwind instrument. A woodwind instrument is not made of wood, and its pronunciation principle is not a lip reed (brass instrument) that vibrates the lips. The flute is classified as a woodwind instrument called “air reed” that does not use reeds and makes sound by vibrating the air without vibrating the lips. The range of the flute can produce a wide range of 3 octaves. You can play even low notes with a wide range. In brass band, I am often in charge of the solo part.

Flute type


Because it is smaller than the flute, it plays a very high range.

Alto flute

The alto flute is an instrument with a longer tube length than the flute, and can produce even lower sounds than the flute.

Bass flute

Bass flute is even bigger and heavier than alto flute, so it’s hard to stand and play.

Soprano flute

It has a tone between flute and piccolo.

Treble flute

It produces a higher sound than the soprano flute.

Flute d’amore

The flute d’amore is an instrument with a range between the flute and the alto flute.


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